An international conflict research group said South Sudan was at risk of falling back into full-scale war, just two months after the government and rebels formed a coalition government aimed at ending more than two years of conflict.
The International Crisis Group said on Friday that the two sides were flouting a peace agreement they signed in August and are preparing for widespread conflict.
Casie Copeland, the group’s South Sudan researcher, said the two sides have not shown willingness to compromise on issues such as oversight of security arrangements.
The warning comes after violence rocked three of the country’s 10 states in June.
Meanwhile, the head of the international ceasefire monitoring team said its workers were increasingly harassed, intimidated and detained while trying to do their work.
The UN Security Council on Friday issued a statement expressing “deep alarm” over the fighting in Wau which broke out on June 24, resulting in the displacement of an estimated 70,000 people, including 12,000 sheltering near a base for the UN peacekeeping mission in South Sudan.
The Security Council called for a cease-fire to allow humanitarian aid to reach civilians in need, including nearly 9,000 people sheltering at a school.
Council members also demanded that the rival factions implement all aspects of the peace agreement.
At the same time, aid agencies are warning of unprecedented levels of food insecurity.