Representatives of five parties that participated in Burundi’s general election boycotted a second round of peace talks Tuesday in the northern Tanzanian city of Arusha.
Burundi has been mired in a crisis that has killed more than 450 people since President Pierre Nkurunziza pursued and won a third term last year. Opponents said his move violated the constitution and a peace deal that ended a civil war in 2005.
Dialogue in Bujumbura last year between the government and opponents failed to bridge differences, and talks mediated by Uganda earlier this year also swiftly stalled.
The five parties were unhappy with the decision of the mediator, former Tanzanian President Benjamin Mkapa, to invite Burundians accused of human rights violations and involvement in an attempted coup against Nkurunziza in May 2015.
The five parties, FNL, FROLINA, PIEBU ABANYESHAKA, RADEBU and FRODEBU, are concerned about the inclusion of Pacifique Nininahazwe of the FOCODE party, Armel Ningoyere from the ACT party, and Jean Minani in the dialogue.
“We are very surprised by their inclusion in the dialogue after all the humanitarian crisis they caused in Burundi,” Jean Didier Mutabazi, RADEBU’s president, told reporters at the venue of the talks. “We don’t see the point of continuing with the dialogue.”
The government in Bujumbura also expressed its unhappiness over the inclusion of some participants. Willy Nyamitwe, Nkurunziza’s communications adviser, complained on Twitter that Minani, Nininahazwe and Ningoyere “are being prosecuted and can’t be invited” to the talks.
Earlier in the day, three former presidents of Burundi were seen walking out of a closed session chaired by Mkapa.
Domitien Ndayizeye, Sylvester Ntibatunganya and Pierre Buyoya demanded the arrest of Nininahazwe and the other two wanted in Burundi, a source in the Burundian delegation said.
Arusha was also the location for negotiations that led to the deal to end the ethnically charged 1993-2005 civil war in Burundi.
Renewed violence in Burundi has alarmed a region where memories of the Rwanda’s 1994 genocide remain raw. Like Rwanda, Burundi has an ethnic Hutu majority and a Tutsi minority.
Until now, the violence in Burundi has largely followed political rather than ethnic loyalties. But diplomats fear ethnic wounds could reopen the longer violence continues.